A question that building owners often wonder what benefits they can get from a building inspection. Is the law more than necessary? Must consider the origin of the legislation, the concept, and the purpose of the law first.
Because the building will have various structures and systems within buildings related to public safety such as fire prevention and suppression systems, electrical systems, elevator systems, etc. These systems, when used for a period of time, need to be monitored And maintained to keep them in working condition at all times. In which to use the building correctly and safely. Although the law does not force it to Perform building condition inspections and maintenance. But it is a matter that the building owner should do anyway.
There are cases where building collapse or fire occurs. Especially public buildings that are used by many people, despite the fact that the structure of the building has already suffered a disaster. And it will be very dangerous to collapse if not resolved. But the owner of the building did not know and did not anticipate how serious what would happen. Or in the event of a fire in some hotels that have caused many deaths. Even if a fire alarm system is installed but when there was a fire the system does not work. Causing the building occupants to be unable to be careful and unable to escape, reinforcing the importance of monitoring the various system conditions of the building as well.
Today there are many buildings that take into account the safety of the lives and property of the people using the building. By providing maintenance maintain structures and systems of the building to always be in good condition. Still, building condition audits are still necessary as it is a review system for errors caused by the maintenance of the building by the inspector. Which will be a third person or third party.
Building inspection has 9 types of buildings to be inspected:
- High-rise building (a building that a person may enter or use, that is twenty-three meters or more) Measuring the height of the building, measure from the level construction ground to the deck floor. For a gable or hip building, measure from the ground level of the construction to the top of the wall of the highest floor).
- Extra-large buildings (A building constructed for use of the building area or any part of the building as a residence or a single type of business or multiple types. With a total area of ten thousand square meters or more in the same building).
- Assembly building (A building or any part of the building that people may enter for the benefit of assembling people of a thousand square meters or more, or for groups of five hundred or more).
- Theater (a building or any part of the building used as a venue for screening movies, plays, musicals, or any other performance and is intended to be open to the public to perform on a regular basis. With or without compensation).
- Hotels according to the hotel law With a number of rooms from eighty rooms or more.
- Building sets under the law on condominiums or combined residential buildings (A building or part of a multi-family residence divided into separate units for each family) with an area of 2,000 square meters or more. For condominiums and buildings combined dwellings that do not qualify as high-rise buildings or extra-large buildings will be waived on the inspection deadline, namely;
– in the event that the total area of buildings in the same building is not more than 5,000 square meters, the building inspection and result must be submitted.
– In the event that the combined building area in the same building exceeds 5,000 square meters, the building inspection and building inspection results must be submitted.
- A factory building that is more than one floor and an area of 5,000 square meters or more.
- Signboard height from 15 meters or more or having an area of 50 square meters or more. Or signs installed or installed on the roof or deck of the building with an area of 25 square meters or more
- A service place according to the law on service places with an area of 200 square meters or more.
All nine types of buildings (except buildings under Clause 6 that are not classified as high-rise or extra-large buildings) must be inspected and dispatched for areas outside the building inspection control area.
Building owner duties
1. Building owners must comply with the building and equipment maintenance operation plan. And an action manual according to the planning that the inspectors have made in the big audit to guide maintenance checks And the recording of building maintenance data In addition, the building must be maintained. And building equipment according to the manufacturer’s or system integrator’s operating manual. And building equipment or according to the inspection and maintenance operation plan set by the inspector and provide maintenance records building for a specified period of time.
If the moderators suggest improvements, the suggestion should be completed. Then have the examiner investigate again and make a report and submit it to the local competent official.
2. The building owner must submit an annual building inspection report of the building and its equipment to the local competent official thirty days prior to the date of the original building inspection certificate for a period of one year. Upon receipt of the audit certificate, The building inspection certificate must be presented in an open and easily visible place at the building.
3. Building Completion certificate or building inspection control applications for not less than one year must provide verification of property.
4. Filings. Building owners are required to submit a report on the results of the building inspection certified by the inspector to the local officials in the area where their buildings are located which the local officials under the building control law are
- Mayor for the municipality
- President of the Subdistrict Administrative Organization For in the sub-district administrative organization area
The examiner can be a juristic person or a natural person. They must have the following qualifications:
(1) if being a natural person
(a) having nationality
(b) licensed to practice the controlled engineering profession under the law on engineer
Or a professional practitioner of architectural control under the law on architects, as the case may
be; And components of the building, according to the control board certified buildings
(c) never revoked the registration of auditors for a period of two years before the date of application for registration as an auditor.
(2) If a legal entity
(a). Registered under law at least half of the registered capital must be owned by a national. And there are partners, shareholders, or directors who have nationality
Less than half of the number of partners all shareholders or directors
(b) Licensed to be practitioners of the controlled engineering profession under the law on engineers or to be practitioners of the controlled architecture profession under the law on architects, as the case may be. Training courses on how to inspect the building condition and components of the building, the building inspection control certificate.
(c) The members of the board of directors of the corporation under subsection
(d) shall not be revoked registration as an auditor for a period of two years before the date of application for registration as an inspector.
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