The oldest plumbing fixture discovered by archaeologists dates back to 2600 BC. 

Sanitary ware is made from completely different materials, from porcelain to cast iron, but most often on the market you can find sanitary ware and sanitary ware, as well as composite, marble and glass.

  • Faience is traditionally inexpensive, aesthetic, easy, and simple to clean. Its surface is slightly porous – this is how it differs from perfectly smooth porcelain, which is subjected to a different processing method.
  • Porcelain is more resistant to temperature extremes, due to its smoothness, dirt hardly adheres to it, so it is easier to care for porcelain sanitary ware. It is heavier than earthenware and more expensive, but also more durable. It is porcelain that should be preferred when arranging unheated rooms.
  • The composite looks like granite, it is stronger than faience and porcelain, it is hygienic – almost no dirt settles on it. The surface is smooth and shiny, the key disadvantage is the high cost.
  • Porous marble, unlike composite, requires special care, gets dirty quickly, but looks beautiful and is considered a luxury item. The marble bathrooms look beautiful and perfectly complement the overall interior design.
  • Glass is inexpensive, looks beautiful. We are talking about tempered and hardened glass, therefore, in terms of strength, it is not inferior to other materials. The disadvantage of glass plumbing is how clearly any stains are visible on a transparent surface. Requires regular washing with special stain-preventing formulations.

If we talk about the bath, then the most common materials of manufacture here are cast iron, acrylic and steel.

  • Cast iron is heavy, keeps heat well, so a cast iron bath is perfect for long, thoughtful water procedures.
  • Steel is lighter and cheaper, retains heat worse, heats up, and cools quickly. If low-quality thin metal was used in the manufacture, then the walls may bend, therefore it is better to take products from trusted manufacturers.
  • Acrylic bathtubs are durable, heat-retaining properties are better than steel but worse than cast iron. They require minimal maintenance and are generally practical and hygienic.

We recommend that you look equally at the materials from which the products are made, and at how the selected sinks, bidets, toilets, and baths will be combined with the design of the home. There are three characteristics that all plumbing should have:

  • convenience,
  • practicality,
  • hygiene.

Plumbing is something that is recommended to be washed regularly, so the simpler it is, the more convenient it will be to clean it. Practical materials like porcelain and acrylic will extend the life of your garments and make cleaning easier. Everything else depends on you – for example, there are dozens of shell shapes alone, and these shapes entirely depend on your preferences.

True, it is better not to save money on mixers, fittings, taps, and consumables: cheap and low-quality products break down quickly, and it will be cheaper to install a good tap right away.


Installation instructions, along with installation diagrams, must be attached to each plumbing fixture. If the arrangement of the bathroom is primary, during the construction of housing, then all communications are recommended to be worked out at the stage of the project and adjusted to the equipment you like.

Since the problem of water supply today is quite simple to solve by means of propylene lines, adapters and a soldering iron, the main parameter that facilitates installation and ensures the normal operation of the equipment is the height of the outlet of the sewer pipe from the wall (from the level of the finished floor to the axis of the pipe). It varies depending on the type of plumbing:

  • Toilet bowl: floor-standing – 180-190 mm; wall-mounted – 220-240 mm.
  • Sink – 530-550 mm.
  • Bathtub (shower cabin with tray) – 60 mm.

Also, when installing plumbing, ease of use is taken into account, which is determined by the availability of free space.

  • Toilet bowl – at least 60 cm in front of it, 40 cm on the sides (average dimensions of the toilet bowl are 60-65 cm long).
  • Bathtub (shower stall) – at least 70 cm in front.
  • The sink is at least 70 cm in front.

It is not recommended to install double, elongated models designed for two people, it is more convenient to use two sinks located at a short distance. Most manufacturers recommend that wall-mounted mixers be mounted at a height of 200 mm from the edge of the bowl to the middle axis of the appliance. Bath/shower mixers are installed at a height of 1.2 m from the floor, shower nets are installed at a height of 2.1-2.25 m from the bottom of the mesh to the bottom of the bath/shower tray.

It makes sense to purchase plumbing in large, specialized stores. The warranty covers it, and the documentation is exhaustive, and there is no chance of running into a fake. In addition, hypermarkets are able to offer the most competitive prices thanks to huge wholesale purchases. It will also be easier there to buy all additional materials that are not included in the delivery set. And it is more realistic to select all the devices in the general style and color than on the market or in a small pavilion.

The section will help you not to make a mistake in installing the equipment. plumbers, and if the services of professionals are preferable – you can find a worthy performer on exchange. How to avoid troubles with plumbing equipment is described in the material about the main enemies and gross mistakes. In the video, the experts tell about polypropylene pipes and the intricacies of soldering, useful information, given that many communications today are made of this material.